Monday, 11 August 2014

online advertising

Online advertising, also called Online MarketingDigital Marketing or Internet advertising, is a form of marketing and advertising which uses the Internet to deliver promotional marketing messages to consumers. It includes email marketing, search engine marketing (SEM), social media marketing, many types of display advertising (including web banner advertising), and mobile advertising. Like other advertising media, online advertising frequently involves both a publisher, who integrates advertisements into its online content, and an advertiser, who provides the advertisements to be displayed on the publisher's content. Other potential participants include advertising agencies who help generate and place the ad copy, an ad server who technologically delivers the ad and tracks statistics, and advertising affiliates who do independent promotional work for the advertiser.
Online advertising is a large business and is growing rapidly. In 2011, Internet advertising revenues in the United States surpassed those of cable television and nearly exceeded those of broadcast television.[1]:19 In 2012, Internet advertising revenues in the United States totaled $36.57 billion, a 15.2% increase over the $31.74 billion in revenues in 2011.[1]:4–5 U.S. internet ad revenue hit a historic high of $20.1 billion for the first half of 2013, up 18% over the same period in 2012. [2] Online advertising is widely used across virtually all industry sectors.[1]:16
Despite its popularity, many common online advertising practices are controversial and increasingly subject to regulation. Furthermore, online ad revenues may not adequately replace other publishers' revenue streams. Declining ad revenue has led some publishers to hide their content behind paywalls.[3]


Contents

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  • 1 History
  • 2 Delivery Methods
    • 2.1 Display advertising
      • 2.1.1 Web banner advertising
        • 2.1.1.1 Frame ad (traditional banner)
        • 2.1.1.2 Pop-ups/pop-unders
        • 2.1.1.3 Floating ad
        • 2.1.1.4 Expanding ad
        • 2.1.1.5 Trick banners
        • 2.1.1.6 Interstitial ads
      • 2.1.2 Text ads
    • 2.2 Search Engine Marketing (SEM)
      • 2.2.1 Search Engine Optimization (SEO)
      • 2.2.2 Sponsored search
    • 2.3 Social media marketing
    • 2.4 Mobile Advertising
    • 2.5 Email Advertising
      • 2.5.1 Chat advertising
    • 2.6 Online classified advertising
    • 2.7 Adware
    • 2.8 Affiliate Marketing
  • 3 Compensation Methods
    • 3.1 CPM (Cost Per Mille)
    • 3.2 CPC (cost per click)
    • 3.3 CPE (cost per engagement)
    • 3.4 CPV (cost per view)
    • 3.5 Other performance-based compensation
    • 3.6 Fixed cost
  • 4 Benefits of Online Advertising
    • 4.1 Cost
    • 4.2 Measurability
    • 4.3 Formatting
    • 4.4 Targeting
    • 4.5 Coverage
    • 4.6 Speed
  • 5 Concerns
    • 5.1 Banner blindness
    • 5.2 Fraud on the Advertiser
    • 5.3 Technological variations
      • 5.3.1 Heterogeneous clients
      • 5.3.2 Ad-blocking
      • 5.3.3 Anti-targeting technologies
    • 5.4 Privacy Concerns
    • 5.5 Trustworthiness of advertisers
    • 5.6 Spam
  • 6 Regulation
    • 6.1 Privacy and Data Collection
    • 6.2 Delivery methods
  • 7 See also
  • 8 References

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